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"I FOUND A REASON"
"Elvis Presley's Leap for Freedom" appeared originally in part in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in 1984 and 1985, and parts are new.
"Beatles Then, Beatles Now" appeared originally in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in 1984, in Rolling Stone in 1990, and much of it is previously unpublished.
"Subterranean: Bob Dylan's Pa.s.sages" is a.s.sembled from pieces written for Musical Notes in 1976, for the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in the mid-1980s, from Rolling Stone in 1986 and 1991, and much of it is previously unpublished.
"The Rolling Stones' Journey into Fear" is a.s.sembled from pieces that appeared in the L.A. Weekly in 1981, in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in 1983 and 1984, and in Rolling Stone in 1987.
"The Legacy of Jim Morrison and the Doors" appeared in Rolling Stone, April 4, 1991.
"Lou Reed: Darkness and Love" is a.s.sembled from writings that appeared in Rolling Stone in 1979 and 1980, and from numerous Los Angeles Herald Examiner articles in the mid-1980s, plus some of it is newly written.
"Brothers: The Allman Brothers Band" appeared in Rolling Stone in shorter form, October 18, 1990.
"Keith Jarrett's Keys to the Cosmos" ran in Rolling Stone, January 25, 1979.
"Life and Death in the U.K.: The s.e.x Pistols, Public Image Ltd., Joy Division, New Order, and the Jesus and Mary Chain" is from pieces published in Rolling Stone in 1980 and 1981, in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in the mid-1980s, and parts of it are newly written.
"The Clash: Punk Beginnings, Punk Endings" is a.s.sembled from pieces that ran in Rolling Stone in 1979, and in the L.A. Weekly and Musician in 1982.
"Punk: Twenty Years After" is a.s.sembled from various mid-1980s Los Angeles Herald Examiner articles, a 1982 Musician story, and from new writing as well.
"Van Halen: The Endless Party" appeared in Rolling Stone, September 4, 1980.
"Bruce Springsteen's America" is from pieces that appeared in Rolling Stone in 1990 and 1995, in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in the mid-1980s, and some of it is new as well.
"The Problem of Michael Jackson" is from various articles written for the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in the mid-1980s, for Rolling Stone in 1988, plus parts of it are new.
"Upstarts: Over and Under the Wall, and into the Territory's Center" is from numerous mid-1980s Los Angeles Herald Examiner articles, from pieces published in Rolling Stone in 1987 and 1990, and parts are newly written.
"Clash of the t.i.tans: Heavy Metal Enters the 1990s" appeared in shorter form in Rolling Stone, July 11, 1991.
"Randy Newman: Songs of the Promised Land" appeared in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, January 23, 1983.
"Al Green: Sensuality in the Service of the Lord" is from the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, August 26, 1983.
"Jerry Lee Lewis: The Killer" appeared in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, February 21, 1984.
"Miles Davis: The Lion in Winter" appeared in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, August 26, 1983.
"Feargal Sharkey: Songs of Hearts and Thieves" is part of a longer article that appeared in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, April 18, 1986.
"Marianne Faithfull: Trouble in Mind" is from a longer piece that ran in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, April 25, 1986.
"Stan Ridgway's Wrong People" is from a longer piece that ran in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, July 11, 1986.
"Sinead O'Connor's Songs of Experience" appeared in shorter form in Rolling Stone, June 14, 1990.
"David Baerwald's Songs of Secrets and Sins" ran at a slightly shorter length in Rolling Stone, September 6, 1990.
"Frank Sinatra: Singing in the Dark" is from Rolling Stone, January 24, 1991.
"Dark Shadows: Hank Williams, Nick Drake, Phil Ochs" is from articles that ran in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner in 1983 and 1986, and parts are new.
"Tim Hardin: Lost Along the Way" originally appeared in New West, February 1981.
"Dennis Wilson: The Lone Surfer" ran in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner on January 2, 1984.
"Marvin Gaye: Troubled Soul" is from 1984 and 1985 articles in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, and parts of it are new.
"No Simple Highway: The Story of Jerry Garcia and the Grateful Dead" is from articles that appeared in Rolling Stone in 1987 and 1995, and much of it has never been published before.
"Tupac Shakur: Easy Target" appeared in Rolling Stone, October 31, 1996.
"Ella Fitzgerald: Grace Over Pain" appeared in Rolling Stone, August 8, 1996.
"Timothy Leary: The Death of the Most Dangerous Man" appeared in slightly shorter form in Rolling Stone, July 11, 1996.
"Kurt Cobain's Road from Nowhere: Walking the Streets of Aberdeen" appeared at a somewhat shorter length in Rolling Stone, June 2, 1994.
"Allen Ginsberg: For the f.u.c.king and the Dying" appeared in a slightly shorter version in Rolling Stone, May 29, 1997.
Every effort has been made to locate current copyright holders of material either reproduced or quoted in this book. Please send any information regarding copyrighted material to the publisher.
"We Work the Black Seams," by Sting, Regatta Music Ltd., administered by Atlantic Music Corp. (BMI).
"Brownsville Girl" by Bob Dylan and Sam Shepard, Special Rider Music (ASCAP). Used by permission.
"The Times They Are a-Changin," by Bob Dylan 1963, 1964 by Warner Bros. Music. Copyright renewed 1991 by Special Rider Music (ASCAP). Used by permission.
"Like a Rolling Stone," by Bob Dylan 1965, by Warner Bros. Music. Copyright renewed by Special Rider Music (ASCAP). Used by permission.
"Dark Eyes," by Bob Dylan 1985 Special Rider Music (ASCAP). All Rights Reserved. Used by permission.
"Got My Mind Made Up" by Bob Dylan and Tom Petty, Special Rider Music (ASCAP). Used by permission.
"Salt of the Earth" by Mick Jagger & Keith Richards, 1968 Renewed 1996 ABKCO Music, Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted by permission.
"Street Fighting Man" by Mick Jagger & Keith Richards, 1968 Renewed 1996 ABKCO Music, Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted by permission.
"Sympathy for the Devil" by Mick Jagger & Keith Richards, 1968 Renewed 1996 ABKCO Music, Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted by permission.
"Street Ha.s.sle," by Lou Reed, Metal Machine Music. All rights administered by Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc. (BMI). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"The Bells," by Lou Reed, Metal Machine Music. All rights administered by Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc. (BMI). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"My Old Man," by Lou Reed, Metal Machine Music. All rights administered by Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc. (BMI). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Pale Blue Eyes," by Lou Reed, Metal Machine Music. All rights administered by Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc. (BMI). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"All Through the Night," by Lou Reed, Metal Machine Music. All rights administered by Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc. (BMI). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Love Will Tear Us Apart," by Ian Curtis, Peter Hook, Bernard Sumner, Stephen Morris. Published by Fractured Music. Administered by Zomba Enterprises Inc. For the U.S. and Canada (ASCAP).
"Twenty-four Hours," by Ian Curtis, Peter Hook, Bernard Sumner, Stephen Morris. Published by Fractured Music. Administered by Zomba Enterprises Inc. For the U.S. and Canada (ASCAP).
"Decades," by Ian Curtis, Peter Hook, Bernard Sumner, Stephen Morris. Published by Fractured Music. Administered by Zomba Enterprises Inc. For the U.S. and Canada (ASCAP).
"Guns on the Roof," by Joe Strummer and Mick Jones. Rights a.s.signed to EMI Virgin Music Ltd. All rights for the U.S. and Canada controlled and administered by EMI Virgin Music Inc. All rights reserved. International Copyright Secured. Used by Permission.
"Everybody Wants Some!!" by Van Halen, Warner Bros. Publications.
"The Cradle Will Rock" by Van Halen, Warner Bros. Publications.
"The River" by Bruce Springsteen, Bruce Springsteen (ASCAP). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Johnny 99" by Bruce Springsteen, Bruce Springsteen (ASCAP). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Tom Joad" by Bruce Springsteen, Bruce Springsteen (ASCAP). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Youngstown" by Bruce Springsteen, Bruce Springsteen (ASCAP). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"The New Timer" by Bruce Springsteen, Bruce Springsteen (ASCAP). All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"War Ensemble" by Araya & Hanneman, Slayer (ASCAP) 1990 Pennemunde.
"Anarchy in the UK" by John Lydon, Paul Cook, Steve Jones & Glen Matlock (The s.e.x Pistols). 1977 Warner Bros. Music Ltd., Glitterbest Ltd. All rights on behalf of Glitterbest Ltd. Administered by Carrerrs. BMG Music Publishing Inc. BMI All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Keep It in the Family" by Anthrax.
"I Love L.A." by Randy Newman, 1983 Six Pictures Music. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"A Good Heart." Words written by Maria McKee, published by Little Diva Music, administered by Heavy Harmony Music. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"El Gavilan (The Hawk)" by Kris Kristofferson, 1985 Jody Ray Publishing. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Secret Silken World," Written by David Baerwald and David Ricketts, 1992 Zen of Iniquity/ Almo Music Corp. (ASCAP).
"Unforgiven" by Tim Hardin, Radaera Music.
"Ripple." Words by Robert Hunter, music by Jerry Garcia; copyright Ice Nine Publishing Company.
"Black Muddy River." Words by Robert Hunter, music by Jerry Garcia; copyright Ice Nine Publishing Company. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
"Not Fade Away" by Charlie Hadin and Norman Petty, Hal-Leonard Music.
"Hit 'Em Up" by Duane Hitchings/Dennis Lambert/Franne Gold/Tupac Shakur, Full Keel Music Company.
"Kaddish," written by Allen Ginsberg, Allen Ginsberg. Reprinted with permission of HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
"Howl," written by Allen Ginsberg, Allen Ginsberg. Reprinted with permission of HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
"After Lalon," written by Allen Ginsberg, Allen Ginsberg. Reprinted with permission of HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
"Death & Fame," by Allen Ginsberg, Allen Ginsberg.
About this t.i.tle Through Night Beat, Mikal Gilmore traces the history of rock & roll and its evolution from fad to phenomenon. His cultural criticism, interviews, and reviews focus on stalwarts like Bob Dylan, Jim Morrison, and Frank Sinatra, capturing powerful expressions of love, politics, and redemption.
I have been writing about popular music since 1974-that is, for twenty-four years. Not really that long of a period, but long enough to have racked up a few debts that I would like to acknowledge.
The first folks to thank, of course, are those artists who were willing to spend time with me, enduring yet another interview in their careers of being grilled and a.n.a.lyzed. I'm even grateful for the time spent with Keith Jarrett-in part, because it gave me the opportunity to hear him play solo on several occasions (always a rewarding experience), plus it gave me a good excuse to sound off a bit about an artist's hubris. I've talked to ruder people than Jarrett (well, maybe), but none whose haughtiness and discourtesy were offset with such a contradictory depth and beauty in their music making. Today, his jazz recordings remain worth seeking and hearing (though when I want to hear interpretations of Bach's Goldberg Variations, I'll take Rosalyn Tureck or Tatiana Nikolaeva any day), and if hubris is what it takes to fuel Jarrett's genius, then long may he play. Certainly he's not the first artist to be guilty of that particular sin.
In my youth-my teenage and early adult years in Portland, Oregon-I shared many long nights, experiences, and conversations either rooted in or abetted by music with the following people: Annette Cantrell, Don Whitehead, Shannon Riske, Jon Shoemaker, the late Tim Bowen, Michael Sugg, Linda Eklund, Debby Levin, and Byron Laursen. I also owe a great obligation to Shen Sh.e.l.lenberger (Hey, Grandma!), for recommending me as a music writer for my first critical a.s.signment. Maybe I would have fallen on this path anyway (I suspect so), but Shen gave me the nudge-a nudge that became one of the best realizations of my life. Also during my Portland years, I worked with and learned much from Mark Christiansen, Andrea Wilson, Michael Adelsheim, James Kiehle, Tom Modica, Bennett Stein, and Stephanie Oliver.
The bulk of my journalism (or at least the bulk that has been seen outside of the Los Angeles area) has been written for Rolling Stone. I have never worked with better editors or collaborators, and among the people who helped me grow as a writer in the last generation at that magazine are: Ben Fong-Torres, Dave Marsh, Jann Wenner, Peter Herbst, Harriet Fier, Barbara Downey, Sarah Lazin, Chris Hodenfield, James Henke, Susan Murcko, Paul Nelson, Bob Wallace, Peggy Bellas, Delores Zeibarth, Cameron Crowe, Fred Schruers, Sid Holt, Bob Love, Tobias Perse, Joe Levy, Barbara O'Dair, and Sheila Rogers (the latter person also helped enormously in many other ways and was of great inspiration during the time I worked on Shot in the Heart). I'd also like to thank Sue Sawyer, Holly Vincent, and Elaine Schock. None of them worked at Rolling Stone, but they were all fine people to share music and time with during the late 1970s and early 1980s, as I was adjusting to life in Los Angeles.
In the early 1980s, I wrote on a few occasions for the Los Angeles Times, under the good guidance of Robert Hilburn and Richard Cromlin, and with the advice and friendship of Kristine McKenna. Around the same time I worked part-time at Rhino Records (the store, not the label) in Westwood. At that wonderful hole-in-the-wall, I enjoyed the smarts and musical tastes of Gary Stewart, Nels Cline, David Crouch, Steve Wynn, and several other good folks. In 1981, I became the music editor at L.A. Weekly, and in 1982, I became the pop music critic at the Los Angeles Herald Examiner. At the former, my thanks go to Jay Levin, Phil Tracy, the late Craig Lee, Greg Burk, Michael Ventura, Bill Bentley, Steve Erickson, and Ewa Wojciak (who will get thanked many times, for many things, though she can never be thanked enough). At the Herald, my first nod goes to Managing Editor Mary Ann Dolan, who gave me the job, and my second goes to Stan Cloud, who encouraged me to broaden my subject matter. I had my best music discussions at the Herald with Paul Wilner, Miles Beller, Mitch.e.l.l Fink, David Chute, Rip Rense, Elvis Mitch.e.l.l, Robert Lloyd, and (again) Chris Hodenfield, and I enjoyed a special comradeship with Jane Birnbaum. Also, during the mid- and late-1980s, I learned a lot about life and music from Erin Gilmore, Jennifer Lobianco, Steve and Mary Pond, and David Gans, and all those friendships remain of immense value to me.
In the early and mid-1990s, I had some of the best critical (and personal) discussions of my life with six extraordinary writers, Karen Ess.e.x, Helen Knode, Virginia Campbell, Emily White, Alice Joanou, and Stacy Horn. And during the time this book was being prepared, I shared afternoons and evenings of discussions with Tobias Perse, Bob Love, Rodd McLeod, Robert Greenwald, Edna Gunderson, Bruce Kalberg, Howard ("Two Eyes Open!") Rudnick, Suzi Gardner, Cilista Eberle, Heidi Snellman, Stanley and Suzanne Sobolewski, Dalia Chandoha, Nicholes Hill, my editor Betsy Lerner and my agent Richard Pine. Whether they know it or not, they all helped shape various thoughts that appear in this book's revisions. I'd also like to thank Holly Tooker and Scott Murphy for helping me find and organize some of my earlier writings that I'd thought were lost forever.
In 1997, after finishing the first edition of this book, I became an active member of Echo, New York's on-line community for discussion, argument, and hard-earned friendships (and hilarious-but genuine-rancor). No other place has provided me, in this last year or so, with a better forum for reading and talking about contemporary culture and news-Echo's music conference is better than most of today's music magazines-and I would like to acknowledge my debt to the following folks who (whether they know it or not) helped influence some of this current volume's revisions: Edward Hutchinson, Sarah Maupin Wenk, Marcelle Clements, Reuben Radding, Peter Dworkin, Douglas Cooper, Steve Berg, Ivan Nahem, Matthew Davis, and John Neilson.
My biggest thanks, though, go to Ewa Wojciak, who helped me a.s.semble and rea.s.semble old articles and who put up with the moods and obsessions of a surly writer and bad boyfriend.
Reading through these writings made me consider the question of influence-that is, who are the people whose writing in some way affected my thoughts or styles the most? I think I can honestly name only four, though I doubt if their influence in my own text would be apparent to anybody other than myself. They are: hardboiled crime novelists James M. Cain and Ross Macdonald, and music critics and historians Greil Marcus and Paul Nelson (none of whom, of course, should be cited as influences for any of my own lapses, twisted logic or prolix). I should probably also throw in my three all-time favorite fiction writers, Edgar Allan Poe, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Philip K. d.i.c.k, if only because I've never read any other writers with a better understanding of the madnesses of mind and heart-an understanding that helped make such madnesses comprehensible, even bearable.
But my greatest debt is to the people whose music I have loved-the people whose music enriched my life and gave me pleasure and sometimes courage. Some of those are the artists I have written about in this volume. But there are many others that I have listened to or written about over the years who didn't find their way into these pages, and I'd like to acknowledge just a few of them: ABC, Johnny Ace, King Sunny Ade, Afghan Whigs, Peter Allen, Terry Allen, Laurie Anderson, the Animals, Aphex Twin, Archers of Loaf, Louis Armstrong, Artful Dodger, Babes in Toyland, Bad Brains, Mildred Bailey, Chet Baker, Lavern Baker, the Band, Bobby Bare, Dave Bartholomew, Count Basie, Les Baxter, Beck, Tony Bennett, Chuck Berry, Bettie Serveert, Black Uhuru, Blake Babies, Bobby Bland, Carla Bley, Blue Cheer, Connie Boswell, David Bowie, Clifford Brown, James Brown, Paula Jean Brown, Tim Buckley, Buffalo Springfield, T-Bone Burnett, Burning Spear, Gary Burton, the Buzzc.o.c.ks, the Byrds, Jackie Cain and Roy Kral, John Cale, Maria Callas, Cab Calloway, Captain Beefheart and the Magic Band, Betty Carter, Sarah and Maybelle Carter and the Carter Family, Rosanne Cash, Ray Charles, Don Cherry, Neneh Cherry, Alex Chilton, June Christy, Gene Clarke, Jimmy Cliff, Patsy Cline, George Clinton, Rosemary Clooney, the Coasters, Leonard Cohen, Nat King Cole, Ornette Coleman, Steve Coleman, Bootsy Collins, John Coltrane, Chris Connor, Ry Cooder, Crazy Horse, Robert Cray, Bing Crosby, Cream, Julie Cruise, Culture, King Curtis, Darby & Tarlton, Bobby Darin, Jimmie Davis, Doris Day, Jack DeJohnette, Desmond Dekker and the Israelites, Sandy Denny, the Dillards, the Dixie Cups, Fats Domino, Eric Dolphy, Donovan, the Dwarves, Earth Wind & Fire, Dave Edmunds, Duke Ellington, Joe Ely, Booker Ervin, Bill Evans, Gil Evans, the Everly Brothers, Fairport Convention, Tal Farlow, the Fastbacks, Alice Faye, Fine Young Cannibals, the Five Blind Boys of Alabama, John Fogerty, Helen Forrest, David Forman, Kim Fowley, Connie Francis, Aretha Franklin, Jeffrey Fredericks and the Clamtones, the Bobby Fuller Four, Lefty Frizzell, Galaxie 500, Judy Garland, the Germs, the Geto Boys, Dizzy Gillespie, Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Goldie, Benny Goodman, Grandmaster Flash, Guided by Voices, Gun Club, Woody Guthrie, Charlie Haden, Merle Haggard, Butch Hanc.o.c.k, Herbie Hanc.o.c.k, P. J. Harvey, Coleman Hawkins, Fletcher Henderson, Jimi Hendrix, Henry Cow, Al Hibbler, Andrew Hill, Z. Z. Hill, Hole, Billie Holiday, Judy Holliday, Buddy Holly, John Lee Hooker, Shirley Horn, Lena Horne, Johnny Horton, the House of Love, Howlin' Wolf, the Human League, Helen Humes, Alberta Hunter, Ian Hunter, Michael Hurley, Husker Du, Ice Cube, the Isley Bros., Wanda Jackson, the Jacobites, Illinois Jacquet, Inspiral Carpets, the Jam, Tommy James and the Shondells, Jane's Addiction, Jefferson Airplane, Joan Jett, David Johansen and The New York Dolls, Buddy and Ella Johnson, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Robert Johnson, Blind Willie Johnson, Al Jolson, George Jones, Janis Joplin, Louis Jordan, Cheb Khaled, B. B. King, Ben E. King, King Pleasure, the Kinks, Rahsaan Roland Kirk, Fela Kuti, Cyndi Lauper, Led Zeppelin, Brenda Lee, Julia Lee, Peggy Lee, Smiley Lewis, Little Feat, Little Richard, Lotte Lenya, Abbey Lincoln, Nils Lofgren, Jackie Lomax, Julie London, L7, Los Lobos, the Louvin Brothers, Nick Lowe, Lure, Lush, Frankie Lymon, Loretta Lynn, Delbert McClinton, Reba McEntire, Maria McKee, John McLaughlin and the Mahavishnu Orchestra, Carmen McRae, Machito, Rose Maddox, Mahlathini and the Mahotella Queens, the Mamas and the Papas, Thomas Mapfumo, Bob Marley and the Wailers, Dean Martin, Johnny Mathis, MC5, the Meat Puppets, the Mekons, John Mellencamp, Mabel Mercer, the Meters, Helen Merrill, Charles Mingus, Joni Mitch.e.l.l, Moby, Moby Grape, the Modern Lovers, Thelonious Monk, Bill Monroe, Van Morrison, Ella Mae Morse, Jelly Roll Morton, Mott the Hoople, Mudhoney, Gerry Mulligan, Elliott Murphy, David Murray, My b.l.o.o.d.y Valentine, Nas, Youssou N'Dour, Oliver Nelson, Ricky Nelson, Tracey Nelson, Willie Nelson, Herbie Nichols, Nine Inch Nails, Helen O'Connell, Anita O'Day, Carla Olsen and the Textones, Yoko Ono, Orb, Roy Orbison, Orbital, the Orioles, Buck Owens, Patti Page, Charlie Parker, Graham Parker and the Rumour, Jimmy Rushing, Van d.y.k.e Parks, Gram Parsons, Dolly Parton, Pavement, Art Pepper, Pere Ubu, Carl Perkins, the Persuasions, Oscar Pettiford, Tom Petty, the pH Factor Jug Band, Edith Piaf, Webb Pierce, the Platters, the Pogues, Iggy Pop and the Stooges, Bud Powell, the Pretenders, Ray Price, Louis Prima and Keely Smith, Primal Scream, Professor Longhair, Pulp, Ike Quebec, Quicksilver Messenger Service, the Raincoats, Bonnie Raitt, the Ramones, the Raspberries, Red Crayola with Art & Language, Freddie Redd, Jim Reeves, Charlie Rich, Ride, Marty Robbins, Smokey Robinson, the Roches, Jimmie Rodgers, Sonny Rollins, Roxy Music, the Runaways, Todd Rundgren, Jimmy Rushing, George Russell, Carlos Santana, Savage Rose, Boz Scaggs, Schooly D, Jack Scott, Little Jimmy Scott, the Seeds, Ravi Shankar, the Shirelles, Judee Sill, Paul Simon, Slapp Happy, Percy Sledge, Jimmy Smith, Hank Snow, Son House, Sonic Boom, Sonic Youth, Jeri Southern, s.p.a.cemen 3, the Spinners, Spirit, Spooky Tooth, Dusty Springfield, Jo Stafford, the Stanley Bros., Kay Starr, Steely Dan, Gary Stewart, Sly Stone, George Strait, the Sundays, Sun Ra, the Supremes, Tad, Talking Heads, James Talley, Art Tatum, Cecil Taylor, Technotronic, the Temptations, Thelonious Monster, Richard and Linda Thompson, the Claude Thornhill Orchestra, Johnny Thunders, Mel Torme, Allen Toussaint, Merle Travis, Lennie Tristano, Ernest Tubb, Joe Turner, Sarah Vaughan, Gene Vincent, Holly Vincent, Loudon Wainwright III, Tom Waits, T-Bone Walker, Fats Waller, Dinah Washington, Was (not Was), Ethel Waters, Muddy Waters, Weather Report, Ben Webster, Wedding Present, Kitty Wells, Margaret Whiting, the Who, Wild Tchoupitoulas, Joe Williams, Lucinda Williams, Tony Williams, Victoria Williams, Jackie Wilson, Teddy Wilson, Wire, Womack and Womack, Link Wray, O. V. Wright, Tammy Wynette, the Yardbirds, XTC, Dwight Yoakam, Faron Young, Lester Young, Neil Young, Young Marble Giants, Frank Zappa, and Warren Zevon.
I could go on and on-I'm sure you get the idea-but two more names merit special mention: my family's patron saint, Johnny Cash, and Sam Cooke, whose 1963 Night Beat is one of the best soul and blues alb.u.ms of all time. It's a record made for the 3 A.M. of your soul, and it's the record that gave me the idea and inspiration for this book t.i.tle.
To anybody I missed or forgot, my apologies.
By the way, I'm not done yet with Bob Dylan and Frank Sinatra. Look for The Blue Point, someplace down the night road.